Deontological moral theory

There is enough fuel to keep the train going for the next 20 miles. Likewise, deontological moralities, unlike most views of consequentialism, leave space for the supererogatory.

Deontological ethics

Such a threshold is fixed in the sense that it does not vary with the stringency of the categorical duty being violated. But both views share the weakness of thinking that morality and even reason runs out on us when the going gets tough.

They could conceive of rights as giving agent-relative reasons to each actor to refrain from doing actions violative of such rights.

Deontological Ethics

All practical principles of right must contain rigorous truth Hence, lying is considered wrong, even if it is to benefit or bring about better consequences.

Williams tells us that in such cases we just act. Such personal duties are agent-centered in the sense that the agency of each person is central to the duties of each person, so that your using of another now cannot be traded off against other possible usings at other times by other people.

Back to Top Deontology or Deontological Ethics is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions Consequentialism or to the character and habits of the actor Virtue Ethics.

Deontology is one such moral theory concerning ethics. An agent-relative reason is so-called because it is a reason relative to the agent whose reason it is; it need not although it may constitute a reason for anyone else. For example, our deontological obligation with respect to human life is neither an obligation not to kill nor an obligation not to intend to kill; rather, it is an obligation not to murder, that is, to kill in execution of an intention to kill.

A Virtue Ethicist would concern himself with neither, but would look at whether the perpetrator acted in accordance with worthy virtues. This is true irrespective of whether the rule-violation produces good consequences; but it is especially so when good consequences result from the rule-violation.

Such actions are permitted, not just in the weak sense that there is no obligation not to do them, but also in the strong sense that one is permitted to do them even though they are productive of less good consequences than their alternatives Moore For as we shall now explore, the strengths of deontological approaches lie: Yet Nagel's allocations are non-exclusive; the same situation can be seen from either subjective or objective viewpoints, meaning that it is mysterious how we are to combine them into some overall view.

Deontological Ethics

Interestingly, the reason behind different responses is that, in the case of organ transplant, the healthy person's body will have to be used to save others. There are two varieties of threshold deontology that are worth distinguishing. Yet to will the movement of a finger on a trigger is distinct from an intention to kill a person by that finger movement.

Some consequentialists are monists about the Good. As with the Doctrine of Double Effect, how plausible one finds these applications of the doctrine of doing and allowing will determine how plausible one finds this cause-based view of human agency. Rescuer is accelerating, but not causing, the death that was about to occur anyway.

Moral Theory of Deontology Explained With Varied Examples

Thomas Scanlon's contractualism, for example, which posits at its core those norms of action that we can justify to each other, is best construed as an ontological and epistemological account of moral notions. Such a view can concede that all human actions must originate with some kind of mental state, often styled a volition or a willing; such a view can even concede that volitions or willings are an intention of a certain kind MooreCh.

After the incorporation of the pagan concept of natural law into Christianity by St. Some critics have attempted to show that constraints e. It is also possible to question whether the revealed scriptures really state the will of God. Ferzan,Crime and Culpability: Deontology may sometimes be consistent with Moral Absolutism the belief that some actions are wrong no matter what consequences follow from thembut not necessarily.


More specifically, this version of patient-centered deontological theories proscribes the using of another's body, labor, and talent without the latter's consent.

Back to Top Deontology or Deontological Ethics is an approach to Ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions Consequentialism or to the character and habits of the actor Virtue Ethics.

Three items usefully contrasted with such intentions are belief, risk, and cause. The answer is that such patient-centered deontological constraints must be supplemented by consequentialist-derived moral norms to give an adequate account of morality.Kant developed his moral philosophy in three works: "Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals" (), Divine Command Theory: a form of deontological theory which states that an action is right if God has decreed that it is right, and that an act is.

In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical theory that the morality of an action should be based on whether that action itself is right or wrong under a series of rules, rather than based on the consequences of the action.

Deontological moral systems are characterized by a focus upon and strict adherence to independent moral rules or duties. To make the correct moral choices, one must understand what those moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties.

A second group of deontological moral theories can be classified, as patient-centered, as distinguished from the agent-centered version of deontology just considered. These theories are rights-based rather than duty-based; and some versions purport to be quite.

The term "deontology" derives from the Greek "deon" meaning "obligation" or "duty", and "logos" meaning "speaking" or "study", and was first used in this way inin the book "Five Types of Ethical Theory" by C.



Broad ( - ). His ethics is a deontology (see deontological ethics). In other words, the rightness of an action, according to Kant, depends not on its consequences but on whether it accords with a moral rule, one that can be willed to be a universal law.

Deontological moral theory
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